Accidents, though not intentional, happen without warning. A major category of accidents is traffic collision. This leads to injuries, deaths and damage to properties. The United States has relatively better safety standards. Modern technological advances have been deployed in both the vehicles and traffic management. Yet the number of dead exceeds 40,000 per year. No doubt, the traffic accident rates and causality rates have declined. Still the number of people affected by traffic collision is also increasing. The increase in the population, and more traffic and travelers mean more casualties.
There are two types of safety devices and systems. They are the active and passive safety devices and systems. The active safety devices and systems require the traveler to act. Fastening seat belt is one such action. The passive safety devices and systems operate on their own automatically and independent of any action of the traveler. The inflation of airbags on collision or sudden jerk is an example of this.
Children are more susceptible to accidents involving traveling in vehicles. Children are lighter and smaller than adults. They are the most vulnerable to sudden jerks and can easily be thrown off during collision impact. The safety measure such as active seat belts and airbags can be ineffective. It is recognized that children and infants need to be provided specific safety measures depending on their age, weight and height. Child seat, child safety locks, power window lockouts controlled by the driver to prevent opening of windows or doors by children inside the vehicle have become part of the mandatory safety measures in many countries.
Baby safety seats are seats that can be secured to the seat of an automobile. It holds the infant firmly during travel, sudden jerks or an accident. A number of countries have included infant car seats as part of the safety regulations in transporting infants by vehicles. These are legally mandatory. A number of infant safety seats are available in the market. Britax Frontier car seat offers deep side walls and head support. In side impact collisions, the seat provides advanced shock-absorption and cushioning. The seat can be easily set up.
Internationally the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe has set an international standard for baby and child seats called ‘Regulation R44-04?. ISOFIX standard has been developed by the International Organization for Standardization in 1990 for car seats. The United States equivalent of this is the LACTH. Some manufacturers supply ISOFIX standard compliant baby seats.